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Horizons-Upward Bound Records

 Collection
Identifier: 1992-15

Collection Scope

SERIES I: Administration (1966-1998; n.d):

Subseries 1: Committees contains materials pertaining to the Alumni Association; Hamilton Scholarship Committee; Minority Affairs Committee; National Upward Bound Steering Committee; Parents Council; and HUB Staff Meetings.

Subseries 2: Correspondence.

Subseries 3: Program Planning contains information on proposals, program history, and changes in Directorship. Also included are Department of Education, National Association of Independent Schools HUB Correspondence. The subseries also includes documents focusing on Cranbrook HUB as a prototype for Chicago, the Seed Foundation, and the Wayne State University Intern Program. SERIES II: Education (1965-1999) consists of policies, schedules, correspondence, and enrollment records. Of greatest importance is the Rosa Parks Day in 1989, though it is not heavily documented. Of greatest importance is the Rosa Parks Day in 1989, though it is not

SERIES III: Events (1969-1995) includes Donor Dinners, Soulfest, StarSearch, and Anniversaries. SERIES IV: Financial (1966-1998; n.d.):

Subseries 1: Bookkeeping.

Subseries 2: Campaigns.

Subseries 3: Gifts.

Subseries 4: Grant Funding is not well documented as information regarding grant funding is documented in the annual reports.

Subseries 5: Memorial Funds.

Subseries 6: Planning.

Financial materials were appraised according to repository policy: personal financial information will be destroyed, payroll materials transferred to Human Resources, and other financial instruments to be transferred back to the Development Office. Budget files are not kept as the final budget is recorded in the annual report.

SERIES V: Newsclippings (1966-1997; n.d.). SERIES VI: Publications (1966-2000) includes news clippings, scrapbooks, press releases, annual reports, Class Brochures, literary magazines, student newsletters, and HUB program pamphlets.

SERIES VII: Public Relations (1984;1988).

SERIES VIII: Oversized (n.d.)

SERIES IX: Photographs (1965-1997; n.d.)

SERIES X: Realia (n.d.) includes badges, posters, and t-shirts.

Dates

  • 1965 - 2000

Creator

Access

Access to the collection is unrestricted.

Use

Permission to use collection materials must be requested in writing.

History

In 1965, Cranbrook Schools established a summer residential educational program called ‘Horizons’ aimed at students from low income families in the greater Detroit area. It was funded by a 3-year seed grant from the Ford Foundation and supervised by Ben Snyder, a teacher and track coach. In 1966, the program was extended to include a Winter phase called ‘Upward Bound’ supported by a Department of Education grant. This phase was held on Saturdays at three local middle schools. Henceforth, the program was known as Horizons-Upward Bound (HUB). The primary objective was to offer academic and personal encouragement to children from low-income families to increase the possibility of entering higher education and enhance career opportunities (see HUB Enrolment Information Sheet, 1988, see Box 7, II:157). The Ford Foundation grant expired in 1967 and was not renewed due to policy reasons. HUB Staff and Alumna formed an Advisory Board in 1966 to seek private funding for the program. HUB became the only compensatory educational program in the nation to combine federal and private funding, including government grants, and corporate and individual gifts. By 1968, the success of the program and its funding strategy saw the Horizons-Upward Bound program transition into an established department, rather than a finite project, under the direction of Ben Snyder and the Advisory Board. The program provided academic classes and electives including English, history, politics, and social studies/citizenship courses and sought to prepare students for post-compulsory education. It also ran recreational activities such as Track, camping trips, and theatre. Special Projects were run for accommodating the students, notably the Homestead Project where students stayed with families for the duration of the summer phase. In 1976, the Alumni Association was formed, which became involved in the annual giving fundraising campaigns. In 1977, women were also admitted to the program and this year also saw HUB’s first commencement. The program was promoted by events for the public, students, and donors to stimulate community participation and interest. These events were simultaneously central to fundraising strategy. Alongside managing the Cranbrook HUB program, Ben Snyder was also involved in developing the concept of ‘compensatory education’ nationwide through his membership of the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) Upward Bound Committee. Cranbrook HUB has been used as a prototype for similar programs. Ben Snyder retired as HUB Director on 1st July 1989 and took on a fundraising role. He was superseded by William Washington who ran HUB from then until he retired in 2000. The Horizons-Upward Bound department is a quasi-function, independent of Cranbrook Educational Community and is still operational.

Extent

23.3 Linear Feet ((18 SB, 1 MB, 1 OS), 4 film reels)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

The Horizon’s Upward Bound (HUB) program was initially established in 1965 by Cranbrook Schools as a two-phased (Summer Phase and Winter Phase) residential educational program designed to assist low-income students from the Detroit area. This grant funded program, initially run by Director Ben Snyder, offered academic and personal encouragement with the purpose of exposing children to higher education and professional career opportunities. The program was supported by grants from the Ford Foundation, the Department of Education, and government funding. Support also came in the form of corporate and individual gifts. The program specifically provided academic courses, recreational activities, and special programs such as the Homestead Project where students stayed with families for the duration of the summer phase. Due to its success, the Cranbrook HUB program became a prototype for similar programs. The collection includes but is not limited to correspondence, materials pertaining to committee meetings, program planning, program policies, and student enrollment. Subsequent items in the collection focus on special events such as the 1989 Rosa Parks Day festivities, Star Search Spring Fest, Soul Fest, and numerous banquets, and anniversaries. Also included are items focusing on funding, and publications including newspaper clippings, newsletters, and reports. Researchers will also find materials associated with public relations and marketing, as well as photographs, and ephemera.

Arrangement

The Horizons-Upward Bound Records are arranged in chronological order and are divided into ten series:

SERIES I: Administration is divided into three (3) subseries: 1) Committees (Box 1); 2) Correspondence (Boxes 2-4); 3) Program Planning (Box 4);

SERIES II: Education;

SERIES III: Events;

SERIES IV: Financial is divided into six subseries: 1) Bookkeeping (Box 9); 2) Campaigns (Boxes 9-10); 3) Gifts (Box 10); 4) Grant Funding (Boxes 10-11); 5) Memorial Funds (Box 11); 6) Planning (Boxes 11-23);

SERIES V: News Clippings; SERIES VI: Publications;

SERIES VII: Public Relations;

SERIES VIII: Oversize;

SERIES IX: Photographs;

SERIES X: Realia.

SERIES II is arranged by Summer/Winter phases in these categories.

Acquisition

Transferred from Horizons-Upward Bound Directors Ben Snyder (1965-1989) in 1992 and from William Washington (1989-2000) in 2000.

Related Materials

Jack Kausch Photograph Collection (2002-11) and Henry A. Leung Photographs (1998-30).

A book entitled, ‘Once More with Joy’ was written by Ben Snyder in 1997 about the history of Cranbrook Schools. It contains a chapter on his role in creating and administering the Horizons-Upward Bound program.

Transfers

Film, videotape, and audio-cassettes have been removed to the Cranbrook Film and Video Recording Collection (1990-35) and the Cranbrook Audio Recording Collection (2014-12).

Processing History

Processed by Laura MacNewman, 2015.

Creator

Title
Guide to the Horizons-Upward Bound Records
Status
Completed
Author
Original finding aid written by Laura MacNewman.
Date
2015
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Edition statement
Resource record created by Nichole L. Manlove.

Repository Details

Part of the Cranbrook Archives, Cranbrook Center for Collections and Research Repository

Contact:
39221 Woodward Ave.
P.O. Box 801
Bloomfield Hills MI 48303 US